Spain received an average of 2,2 stars
in our ranking.
No fiscal incentives at all are in place, in Spain, for commuters using bicycles, neither exist any mode-neutral solution. Public transport is reimbursed up to an amount of € 1500 per year without being counted as a taxable benefit. Car is still largely the most common means of transport used to commute to work. It is nevertheless exemplary the possibility of deducting costs when moving for a new job.
ECF recommends a clarification of the rules on company cars taxation, for it is unclear, at this point, how private and business uses are calculated. Fiscal incentives for cycling should absolutely be introduced, as well as mode-neutral tax deductions.